Since the earth’s magnetic poles do not coincide with its geographical poles (the angle between earth’s rotation axis and magnetic axis is approximately 11°), magnetic midnight differs from conventional midnight; i.e., in most areas within the United States, magnetic midnight occurs about an hour earlier than actual midnight.

Therefore, the best time for observing auroras is when the north or south magnetic pole is exactly between the sun and your location on the earth’s surface; that is magnetic midnight.

This fascinating and very scientifically-minded, lunar-centric musical artist has created new music that sonically exemplifies the way in which the magnetic midnight aurora phenomenon looks in the night sky during each of the moon’s phases—beautiful.

Phases of the moon as seen from earth during one lunar month: a 29.25-day revolution around the Earth. When the moon is in the shape of a “D” it is Developing (waxing) into a full moon. When it is in the shape of a “C” it is Constricting (waning) into a new moon; i.e., no moon.